Tag Archives: Summer

Lucky versus being good, one in the same?

Jeff is on Twitter if you’d like to follow along with him

Are you lucky or do you just consider yourself good?

The two are intertwined and very rarely am I one without the other. Being good means I have learned my craft and my camera, to the point I can create images that I plan on making. When I shot weddings I could look at a venue and see possibilities. I saw what I wanted the end result to be and my experience and technical capabilities allowed me to make the pictures that I saw in my mind’s eye.

Full red moon rising over Salem harbor as seen from Salem's Winter Island

Full moon rising caught me off guard, Purchase this image!

Lucky versus being good in landscape photography

The reason for being in the right place at the right time is always a part of what we do. How many photographer bio’s or art pages states: “I never leave home without my camera” or something similar?

Does this mean you are just lucky?

You always bring a camera with you so you may be “lucky” or simply ready for the unexpected. This is an aspect of being good at what you do. Based on your experience you see the event [image] and you are prepared to take advantage of the situation.

Right Place, at the Right Time

To me this is 20% luck and 80% experience. Last summer, I ran a store in Salem (The 4 corners of New England) on the Pickering Wharf water front. Each day I would bring along my camera and 95% of the time it sat on a back table unused. But one day in early August I started to get mobile weather alerts about a line of heavy rain squalls moving down through Essex County.

I started to check my camera to make sure I had a CF card in there because the possibility for severe weather passing my way was good. As every “Good” photographer will tell you, Bad weather is an opportunity for great photos. Being on the waterfront and Salem’s tall ship, the Friendship tied up along Derby Wharf, I was hoping for some great elements.

Storm squalls pass the Friendship with ominous dark clouds and rain showers

Storm squalls pass the Friendship


Soon I was rewarded with ominous, dark thunderheads passing quickly over head. I locked  my front door, walking over towards the ship. The winds were whipping pretty good and I took shelter in the leeward side of Captn’s seafood restaurant. A good-sized rain squall was passing all by itself on the other side of the Friendship which is what you see here.

I love the dramatic nature of stormy weather. Apparently people agree because I went home and the next day started selling greeting cards to my customers who lover the stormy nature of the scene.

BUT!  The story doesn’t end there!

Experience tells me that if I’m “Lucky” the sun will break out through the clouds or since it was after 4PM maybe even under the cloud deck.   This was to be one of those days when many factors come together to make me “Lucky”.

The storm was fierce but short lived and the sun did indeed come out low in the sky. This means I may have several options.

  1. First I could have a Rainbow
  2. Next a dramatic sky with late afternoon warming light
  3. Possibly a red sky sunset with the clouds lit by the setting sun.

What I got was 2 out of 3!

I did get a small rainbow over the Friendship but I also had the smoke stacks of the power plant and the composition didn’t thrill me.

I saw a Partial rainbow over the Friendship but the rainbow didn't really fully materialize

Partial rainbow over the Friendship

I walked around for a while and the light started to turn a golden hue and the thunder heads were still very evident but had become brighter and shades of white, also lit by the late afternoon sun.

This turns out to be the best shots of the day. The golden light with the vibrant blue sky and the billowing white thunderheads over the Friendship and the tide was mid level so I had a beautiful reflection of the sky, clouds and ship.

The late afternoon sunlight bathes the ship in golden light which contrasts with the blue of the sky and water.

The storm clears and the ship is bathed in golden light

The storm clouds moved south towards Boston so the reflected light off the clouds over the ship never materialized. I went home and worked the images and made cards of this to sell in the store the next day also…

Lessons learned

The take-away is that being lucky by itself isn’t really enough.  You MAY! get an image here or there that gets people’s attention but you also have to learn to recognize the opportunities which comes down to experience.

Being in the right place at the right time is the first part, then “Knowing” how to take advantage of the “opportunity” is the other side of it.

I don’t always plan for a given shot, instead I will grab my camera and go to the seashore,  downtown, or Cape Ann, (pick your pleasure here) and see what inspires me.

So when I hear someone say “I’ll never be that good!“, I’m mystified. I can’t speak for everyone but when I started out, I had trouble focusing on the right subject. My composition has always been pretty good but over the years I’ve taken hundreds of thousands of pictures and most were… Less than perfect! How do you build the experience to “know” how to take advantage of a situation? Practice!

Today’s cameras make it so easy but you still have to read the manual, read magazines or take seminars. Either way you slice it, none of the great photographers simply “Knew” how and what to do but with experience they learned. The same way you are learning.

They used their experience with luck (preparation) to create their perfect image.

Which are you? Lucky or good or better yet… both?

Jeff”Foliage” Folger

Contact me through my Gallery page here on NEPG
View my work on Fine Art America
I’m on Twitter as @Foliage_Reports for everything New England
I also Blog about the fall foliage in New England so if you have planning questions or just want to see my beautiful photography of New England fall foliage.
I also have my Vistaphotography Fine Art and Stock Photography.

Images in this article are available in my online gallerys

Photography Prints

Posted in Camera Operation, Scenic New England Also tagged , , , , , , , |

Last chance for Friendship in Fireworks in Salem!

Last chance for Friendship in Fireworks in Salem!

Friendship of Salem is a tall ship with fireworks exploding above the ship

Bombs bursting over the Friendship in Salem Harbor

As some may know I’m now a National Park Ranger in Salem and I get to give tours aboard the Friendship (tough job but someone has to do it!)

Well, if you were going to hold off till next year to get down to Salem to photograph the fireworks with the ship in the frame, DON’T WAIT! The masts are going to be coming down this fall, (All of them) and they will be working on the keel for the next year or two depending how much rot they find. So If you like my shot down below with the explosions going off behind the masts, like a battle is going on?? Then get down there and see it this year!

Leave me a comment if you have any questions on where to sit… I did get out there at 2 in the afternoon so bring a cooler but be prepared to be looked over very carefully. The police and park rangers will be looking at packages, backpacks and coolers (Thank you idiot terrorists for making our lives a little more secure) :-(

I have the day off so I will be out on Winter Island looking over the fireworks from that angle. please enjoy your 4th of July, be safe! But if you can’t make it down this year, I will be sure to post when the ship is… Shipshape again hopefully 2016!

Focal Length or how much lens to use

I like a 24-105mm for this purpose. A wide angle is nice but I usually have to be too close. A big telephoto has its own issues unless you are a half mile away. I prefer a mid-range telephoto that allows some wide and zoom capability. I believe in flexibility.


I plan on setting my aperture/f-stop for f4 but I will usually go higher, earlier in the evening. You generally don’t need too much depth of field. As it gets darker you can trade off the fstop as needed. [note] I also lock my focus on the first shot and then turn off autofocus. Most cameras won’t focus if it doesn’t have something bright to focus on.

My secret technique is to open the shutter before anything is happening (black sky) and then I hold the shutter open for the count of one thousand one, one thousand two.  You get the idea, and then at some point, I release it and stand ready for the next shot.


This depends on your camera. My normal setting is an ISO of 200-400 but my newer camera can go as high as 1600 if I wanted to. By going higher, though, you take the chance of inducing noise into the shot (colored dots of light). If your camera is prone to noise then set it for a low ISO and make your exposures longer.

Shutter Speed, cable release, and a tripod

a three burst salvo of fire for the fourth of july

ISO 250, f10, 11 sec photo byJeff Folger

Fireworks look better when you have the Rockets trail rising from the ground and the explosion with the points of light expanding outward.  To accomplish this, the shutter speed will need to be measured in seconds.  Most times my shots range from 2 seconds out to 12 seconds.

To me shutter speed is the key to successful fireworks photos.

hand holding fireworks inducing movement

photo by Jeff Folger ISO 100, f6.3, 1.7 sec

There are  two trains of thought on this. If you want some crazy patterns to the lights then by all means hand hold it. What-the-hey, move the camera while the shutter is open and paint with light. But for images that people really enjoy (or buy) then I will put the camera on a sturdy tripod and use a shutter release. The type of release doesn’t matter as long as you can use it to keep the shutter open manually

My cable release allows me to open my shutter, hold it open, and then close it, based on what I’m seeing.

Putting it all together

Friendship of Salem is a tall ship with fireworks exploding above the ship

photo by Jeff Folger ISO 400, f6.3, 3 sec

Each year I pick a different location to see what the fireworks look like from a different aspect. To me the best images (not always mine) are the ones that have a strong visual element in addition to the firework explosion.

In this image I was in Salem and I positioned myself so that the Friendship of Salem was between me and the fireworks. The result was the ship looked like it was in a massive battle with the bombs bursting in the air above the ship.

 People in your shots or not?

People on the rocks at low tide for the Marblehead fireworks going off overhead

photo by Jeff Folger ISO 400, f8.0, 5.0 sec

This next image is over in Marblehead on Fort Beach. Low tide hit an hour before the fireworks were to start. So I found a large rock to get an unobstructed view and away from the crowds. As luck would have it the tide kept going out and revealed more rocks and the crowds went out in front of me to sit and watch the fireworks.

So, for the first time ever, I had people in my 4th of July photos and I think these are some of my best.

 The Grand Finale

The Grand Finale by Eyal Oren of Marblehead

The Grand Finale by Eyal Oren of Marblehead

One of the problems we all have is the finale. They starting throwing everything and the kitchen sink into the air and you have way too much light. In an effort to tame the light you have to shorten the exposure, but then you lose the light trails due to a half second exposure.

My friend Eyal Oren used the photo tree in the image to block much of the intense light, resulting in this very pleasing image. See more of his work at Wednesday in Marblehead.


I suggest you go read the manual (RTFM), Yes, Read The Freakin Manual and see what it says..

Fort Pickering lighthouse with the Beverly fireworks going off in the distance

photo by Jeff Folger ISO 500, f4.0, 4.0 sec

Don’t wait until one hour before the start of the fireworks.  Pull the manual out now and read what it says for low light situations and then go out and practice with it.

I hope this article helps you take some real winners and, if you are so inclined, please share them on our NEPGuild Facebook page.

Questions? Leave a comment.

Jeff “Foliage” Folger
My Art and Stock gallery
My New England fall foliage website
The Guild Facebook page

Posted in Fireworks, Night Photography, Scenic New England Also tagged , , , , , , , , |

Loons: Symbol of the Northern Wilderness

Against All Odds, Loons survive

Loons as chicks floating on water just after hatching

Loon Chicks

So far this summer, the wind, rain, and thunder storms have been difficult not only for our spirits in the North East, but for the hatching of our nesting loons. Despite the threat of rising water levels, many of the loons have successfully hatched. The pair I have been observing,  hatched in the nick of time — temperature in the mid fifties, forceful winds, and a surge of constant battering waves could have wiped them out completely at any time. Their nest site was only two inches from the water at the peak of the floods. One day as I checked on them, an adult loon and then a second adult came around the island.  As they swam closer, I could see two little chicks bobbing between them. The family swam on, staying close to each other, relocating to a nearby cove where they would raise their chicks. They made it against the odds.

Why do loons nest on the edge of lakes?

Loons have large bodies, making it cumbersome to walk on land. They build their nests on the edge of  lakes for safety —  should a predator appear they can quickly slip out of the nest into the water.

Downy Black Fluffy Balls

According to the Maine Audubon Society, “Newly hatched loon chicks are downy black fluffy balls that weigh roughly a quarter of a pound, the same as a stick of butter. They can swim right away, and will try to dive, though they have trouble staying under water for very long. They may feed themselves insects from the surface of the water but rely on their parents for food. By two weeks of age they gain about seven times their body weight. That’s like a baby growing to the size of a third grader in just fourteen days! ”

Why do loon chicks ride on their parents’ backs?

Loon chick riding on back

Loon chick riding on back

It’s chilly in early summer — water temperatures are not quite like July. Loon chicks cannot maintain their own body temperatures just yet, similar to human newborn humans.

They are not able to swim as fast as their parents — they need to stay close for survival. Parents will invite them under their wing when they need to move quickly away from danger.

Snapping turtles and big fish are threats to little chicks.

Bald Eagles can spot a meal a mile away, which is another reason for riding on the back. Loons are fierce fighters when they have to protect their young.

Sibling Rivalry

Sibling rivalry

Sibling Rivalry

One day on the lake I was stunned to see chick #1 attack his sibling with a vengeance — pecking the top of his head with a gleam in his eye. When his parents surfaced he quickly changed his demeanor like he was an angel waiting for them. Chick #2 was a little dazed, but recovered quickly. I have not seen this before and since found out it’s fairly common. Just like in human families, loon brothers and sisters don’t always get along. The chick that hatches first generally is the bigger chick and what starts out as a tiny difference can quickly turn into a big advantage because the bigger (often the more aggressive one) can beg for more food from its parents. If the parents don’t catch enough food for both chicks, chances are the bigger chick will be the only one to survive.



Survival Rate

It is a tough go for loons. Even if they stick close to their parents, the chance of chicks surviving through their first few weeks is quite low. Statistics say only 25% make it through the summer.



Symbol of the Northern Wilderness

Mom with peeps

Mom with peeps

I feel fortunate to be able to sit quietly in my kayak with my telephoto lens, at a distance from the loons (on a lake where many people kayak, so the loons are used to it) and watch them for hours. It is hard to describe the feeling like you are immersed in the loon’s world — truly a privilege. It has been said that no animal better symbolizes northern wilderness than the common loon, except perhaps moose!


Posted in Bird watching, Birds, Common Loons, Kayaking, Loons, Nature, Scenic New England, Spring Migration, Summer, Vermont, Water fowl, weather, Wildlife Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Waterfall Treasures of New Hampshire’s Hillsborough County

Garwin Falls

Main Cascade at Garwin Falls, Wilton, New Hampshire


Four Falls

Like most of us I love photographing waterfalls. The courses of water make wonderful compositional elements and the ability to transform the tumbling chaotic water into velvety ribbons is a magical product of long exposures. There are a number of lovely falls in my corner of New Hampshire. The Monadnock region holds the Beaver Brook Falls in Keene, Chesterfield Gorge along Route 9, Forty Foot Falls in Surry and the little known Hubbard Falls hidden in an isolated corner of Chesterfield. I frequently explore these locations, but one of my favorite areas for flowing water photography is off to the east in Hillsborough County, around the towns Wilton, Milford, Mt. Vernon and Lyndeborough.

Four Falls Map in New Hampshire's Hillsborough County

Four Falls Map, Hillsborough County

Hillsborough County occupies the south central portion of New Hampshire along the Massachusetts border. The county includes New Hampshire’s two largest cities, Nashua and Manchester, but much of the county to the west is quite rural and possesses some of the prettiest waterfalls in the southern tier of the state. Over the years, I’ve been enticed by the beautiful photographs that I have seen of the waterfalls in this area, especially those taken by fellow members of the New England Photography Guild. Recently I have made the effort to find the best of these sites. My mother lives in Nashua, New Hampshire, and I often use the excuse of a visit to wander off my travels on Route 101 in search of flowing water. I have several favorites.

I am sure I don’t have the depth of experience that locals have photographing these sites, but I thought my fresh enthusiasm might entice others to give these spots a try. All are easily accessible. In this article, I will include simple addresses and GPS coordinates, but detailed directions are available all over the web. Some falls are on private property and, as is always true, care must be taken to avoid disruptions and damage that might lead to restrictions on future access.

My four favorite falls in the area are Purgatory Falls, Tucker Brook Falls, Senter Falls and Garwin Falls. I can give only brief descriptions of  each location, but hopefully it will be sufficient to excite your interest. They are all worth repeated trips. For more pictures of the falls, check out my regular Blog.

Waterfall photography is exciting and challenging. There is always the temptation to look for unusual, and sometimes precarious, angles, but the footing is often very slippery and care should be taken to avoid personal injury and more importantly to avoid catastrophic damage to your equipment. Waterfall photography requires special care, equipment and techniques. Kari Post’s “The Essential Guide to Photographing Waterfalls” is an excellent eBook which discusses all of these issues, and is illustrated with her spectacular photography.


1) Purgatory Falls (Milford & Mt. Vernon)

Lower Purgatory Falls, Milford, New Hampshire

Early Spring at Lower Purgatory Falls, Milford NH

Purgatory Falls is actually a series of waterfalls along Purgatory Brook as it travels 3 miles through the Purgatory Brook Conservation Area between the Upper Falls along the Mt. Vernon/Lyndeborough border, to the Lower Falls in Milford. The lower falls are the easiest to access with a short (one mile) trail starting at a parking lot on Purgatory Road. (N 42.85877, W 71.69449). The falls empty into a secluded grotto pool, which can cause difficult, contrasty light on sunny days, but there are plenty of interesting angles around the pool, downstream and from above. Be careful of the footing as you explore above the falls.

The short trail to the Upper Falls comes off the end Purgatory Falls Road (sometimes called just Purgatory Rd) in Mt Vernon (N42.8897, W71.7108). The trail follows Purgatory Brook until it shoots off a cliff dropping 25 feet into gorge with a rock strewn pool below. A short scramble down to the pool will provide some of the best views of the falls. The trail from here follows the brook all the way to the Lower Falls and there is a Middle Falls along the way which I look forward to exploring in the future.


Tucker Brook Falls, Milford, NH

Tucker Brook Falls, Milford, NH

2) Tucker Brook Falls (Milford)

Tucker Brook Falls is a lovely gentle cascade located in the Tucker Brook Town Forest in Milford. The forest has a number of entrances, but the falls are best accessed from Savage Road. The parking area is next to power lines which cross the road (N42.829116, W71.708791). The trail initially parallels the road to a junction and Kiosk which has a helpful map of the area.  Follow the Falls Loop Trail along Tucker Brook to the falls. Depending on the flow, views from both sides of the brook can be accessed by crossing below the falls or, during high water, across a bridge which is up-stream.





Senter Falls Cascade, Lyndeborough, NH

Senter Falls Cascade, Lyndeborough, NH

3) Senter Falls (Lyndeborough)

Senter Falls is actually a dramatic series of cascades and falls formed as Cold Brook descends through a steep gorge in Alan & The Edgar Rice Natural Area in Lyndeborough. The Trail head and a small parking area are on Lyndeborough Rd (N42.934293, W71.740685). The trail initially crosses over a small stream and then continues, over relatively flat ground, to Cold Brook. Two Brooks trail then turns left and ascends alongside the falls, providing many dramatic photographic opportunities. Again the path is steep and the rocks surrounding the falls are invariably wet and slippery. Take special care.  Senter Falls is a somewhat further off the main roads, but it is well worth the effort.




4) Garwin Falls (Wilton)

Garwin Falls Side Cascade, Wilton, NH

The left side cascade of Garwin Falls is as beautiful as the main falls, Wilton NH

Garwin Falls is found below the outlet of the Old Wilton Reservoir and can be the most impressive of the falls in the region. With good flow the water drops 40 feet in a number of beautiful curtains. Another cascade to the left of the main falls can be equally dramatic. Garwin Falls is reached from a short trail which begins just south of where Isaac Frye Highway crosses the brook that feeds the reservoir (N42.8467283, W 71.771447). A short way down the trail, a spur heads off to the left reaching a quiet glade along the brook above the reservoir. The falls can be photographed from a number of levels along its drop and downstream, although waders may be helpful to get out into the stream to get an unobstructed view of the main falls.

Waterfall photography is always dependant on flow of water, the quality of light, and change of seasons, but these 4 falls provide everything you could want in New England flowing water. I plan to continue to explore this region since I am sure I have missed some favorite local sites. I would love to hear about other great areas for flowing water in Hillsborough County.

For more images of these falls check out my companion article in my personal photography blog.

~ Jeff Newcomer

Others Links

Previous New England Photography Guild Articles:


Posted in Landscape, New Hampshire, Scenic New England, Summer, Water falls Also tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , |

Sugar Hill Lupine Festival: Landscape Photographers Dream!

Late May and Early June are busy times for the members of the New England Photography Guild.  The young leaves now on the trees have a gorgeous emerald hue, and look great framing waterfalls and fast flowing mountain streams.  Migratory birds are passing through in their bright breeding colors, and many adorable young animals are out and about under the watchful eye of proud parents.  Spring flowers are everywhere too…from the forest floor to the open fields, and especially in the great gardens that are meticulously maintained by New Englanders looking to shake off the long winter.

There are three annual and widespread wildflower blooms that capture most of my attention this time of year.  In the forests in southern and central New England, the Mountain Laurel fills the forest will one last hint of pink and white before the sunlight is completely shaded by the canopy above.  On the highest mountain tops, hardy and rare species of arctic plants put on a brief show of spectacular color in the seemingly barren alpine zone.  And perhaps the most celebrated, the lupines and daisies fill the fields and roadsides all over Northern New England.

Backlit Lupines in Sugar Hill, NH

Backlit Lupines in Sugar Hill, NH

The premier locations to take in the lupine blooms for the next few weeks are the towns of Sugar Hill and Franconia in Northern New Hampshire.  The towns have a three week long lupine festival celebrating the blooms, and more than enough flowers and blooms to warrant the celebration.  The towns are picturesque, with a pastoral valley feel surrounded by beautiful high mountains.   There are stone walls, white churches, old barns and dirt roads to aid in your composition, and an open air market, great little shops and inns, and even wagon rides through the fields to pass the time when not out shooting.

Sunrise from the Sampler Field

Sunrise from the Sampler Field, Sugar Hill, NH

My itinerary in for a weekend in Sugar Hill is one of simplicity. I usually camp nearby, wake up before the sun, and head right to the Sampler fields on Sunset Hill Road.  I’ve shot these fields at dawn every year for many years, but keep coming back as it’s just an incredible location at first light.  The hill rises above the morning mist that settles in the low valleys.  The sun backlights the early lupines which are usually covered in a thick dew, and frontlights the surrounding mountains.

There are paths cut through the fields, and for photographers, it’s important to respect the integrity of the fields and flowers and keep to the paths.  Lupine plants take two years to bloom, and straying off path for YOUR unique composition can damage a few cycles of lupine blooms.

New Hampshire Lupine Macro

New Hampshire Lupine Macro, Sugar Hil

From there, the options abound.  There is a published guidebook that you can pickup at many local retail establishments for a few dollars, and they highlight all the local fields. Perhaps you’d like to go down to Pearl Lake to see the loons and the mist among the lupines? Up to St. Matthews Church or the hayrake in the adjacent fields? Drive some dirt roads in hopes for bear or moose sightings in the field?  Or just stay put with the macro lens and shoot some close-ups? It seems like there are endless opportunities to shoot around town, and you can easily add your own style and vision to the scenes in front of you!


I’m usually kept busy shooting until 8AM when the light starts to get a bit harsh.  And from there, it’s off to Polly’s Pancake Parlor just down the road for a classic New England Breakfast with real local maple syrup.  As a bonus, there is a great lupine field across from Polly’s!

Hayrake Rays in Sugar Hill, NH

Hayrake Rays in Sugar Hill, NH

Thereafter, I tend to use the rest of the midday to take in the lupine festival events, or do some hiking, fishing, or touring nearby.  By mid-afternoon, the light begins to get softer, and I look for a location to set up for sunset.  My favorite sunset spot is the open field behind St. Matthews church.  There isn’t an established path through the field, but photographers usually make a narrow herd path.  Again, it’s important to stick to the herd path so as not to damage future blooms in this beautiful location.

St. Matthews Church, Sugar Hill, NH

St. Matthews Church, Sugar Hill, NH

Afternoon weather can change rapidly in this area, and as a special note, afternoon showers are quite common.  This often provides opportunities for shooting rainbows over the fields, so if a little rain moves in, keep your eyes peeled.  These clouds often abate by evening again, allowing for great alpenglow on the Franconia Ridge across the valley if you put your back to the sunset!

Rainbow Over Lupines, Sugar Hill, NH

Rainbow Over Lupines, Sugar Hill, NH

There are great resources for planning a trip to Sugar Hill for the lupine festival online.  The Franconia Notch Chamber of Commerce offers a schedule of events, as well as lodging recommendations.  Harman’s Cheese, a great local shop, posts and archives daily lupine pictures to help you time your visit.  They also maintain a Facebook page where you can share your pictures and reports.

The festival starts next weekend, I hope to see you there!

 Jim Salge

Visit his gallery


Jim Salge is a nature photographer based in southern New Hampshire. His portfolio can be viewed at jimsalge.com

Posted in Scenic New England Also tagged , , , , , , , , |